Populations of whitefish live in groups, known as schools. The back may be dark brown to black in some inland lake specimens. Larger individuals also hunt for small fish. The lake also ha… As the water temperatures rise, lake whitefish school up in the dark, cool depths of the Great Lakes, sometimes retreating as deep as 200 feet. Fax: (207) 287-8094 or (207) 287-6395 In the spring, they swim into shallow water, return to deep water in summer, back to shallow in the fall to spawn, and back to deep in the winter. However, Whitefish Lake has populations of lake trout that rival that of nearby Flathead Lake, with fish often exceeding twenty pounds. However the fishing in the lake is a well kept secret, and fishing is nothing short of awesome. Updated date: 2/6/17 An iconic fish of the north, the elusive Lake Whitefish is as challenging to catch as it is tasty. This whitefish species lives in North America. Sport Fish Species: Walleye, Northern Pike, Yellow Perch, Lake Whitefish, Burbot Indigenous Fishery: Yes Environment and Parks Region: Lower Athabasca Region (LAR) Fisheries Management Zone: Northern Boreal 1 (NB1) Fisheries Management Office: Lac La Biche Background Whitefish Lake is approximately 45 km south of the Hamlet of Lac La Biche and is part of the Amisk River watershed. Humans rely on this species for both commercial and recreational fishing. This lake is 7,716 acres in size. The boxes show DUs identified for each of these steps. Whitefish (Lake) Size 2 to 8lbs. Further, it describes at least seven distinct species of related fish, all found in Arctic and sub-Arctic fresh and salt water. A related species, the round whitefish is light brown on the back becoming silvery on the side. These low smelt numbers appear to have reduced the level of smelt-whitefish interaction and resulted in encouraging levels of whitefish reproduction. The mouth is subterminal and the snout protrudes beyond it. Cape whitefish, Pseudobarbus capensis, a cyprinid; Beluga sturgeon, Huso huso; Caspian kutum, also called "White Fish" or "Caspian White Fish"; The chimaerae species: Australian ghost shark; Ogilby's ghostshark; Freshwater whitefish, members of the subfamily Coregoninae in the family Salmonidae, including: . People eat their meat, and also eat their eggs as caviar. Often scorned by mainstream anglers, this fish is a tremendously under-appreciated facet of our northern aquatic ecosystems. Whitefish Lake is located in the resort community of Whitefish, and is one of the most popular lakes in Montana. Water depths between 30 and 60 feet are usually the most productive. Bear Lake whitefish generally do not exceed 270 mm in total length. Augusta, ME 04333-0041, Mailing Address: 41 State House Station Habitats River, Lake. Once a year these fish return to the shallows to spawn. Interesting Facts: Lake whitefish in Maine have much longer potential life spans than previously thought. or more! Identification: Overall coloration is silvery dark brown to black on the back, becoming silvery on the sides and silvery white below. The lake sturgeon of Lake Superior are the oldest and largest of the Great Lakes fish species, capable of reaching over 7 feet in length and over 200 pounds, with males living around 55 years on average and females living up to 100 years. This species has your typical “fish” appearance, with a torpedo-like body and silvery scales. The most valuable of these is lake whitefish, Coregonus clupeaformis, which inhabits cold, deep-water lakes in the northern United States and in … It is found in the largest of the deep lakes in the Great Lakes drainage, in lower elevation lakes of the Adirondacks and in Otsego Lake. On a typical day, they swim slowly along the bottom in search of prey. Lake whitefish are easily distinguished from fallfish (chub) by having a small mouth and the presence of a small adipose fin located on the back between the dorsal and caudal fins. Along with other cold-water fish species in Lake Simcoe, the decline in lake whitefish abundance in the lake has indicated deteriorating habitat quality. TTY: Maine Relay 711 It has been introduced into seven additional watersheds. Write CSS OR LESS and hit save. No, this whitefish does not make a good pet. They prefer lakes and large ponds, but they also live in rivers and streams. These fish mainly live on the floor of rivers or lakes, spanning primarily across northern United States and Southern Canada. Our boats are set up for trolling, jigging or casting. When fishing, anglers can expect to catch a variety of fish including Black Bullhead, Bluegill, Brown Bullhead, Green Sunfish, Largemouth Bass, Northern Pike, Rock Bass, Smallmouth Bass, Walleye, Yellow Bullhead, Yellow Perch, Pumpkinseed,. You can catch them with live bait or a jigging spoon, either in … Typically they are silvery to white in color with an olive to pale greenish-brown back. The back may be dark brown to black in some inland lake specimens. Our pontoon charter boat on the lake is comfortable with lots of room. After spawning, the adults leave and provide no parental care or protection of the eggs and young fry. They only mate every two years or less frequently, making it even more imperative that anglers abide by the fishing regulations for these ancient creatures. (adsbygoogle = window.adsbygoogle || []).push({}); Animals.NET aim to promote interest in nature and animals among children, as well as raise their awareness in conservation and environmental protection. However, this species also faces threat from the sea lamprey. Because they reach respectable sizes, they house the schools in relatively large enclosures with cold water that replicates their natural habitats. These schools migrate seasonally between shallow waters and deeper waters. Other native fish species include the river's namesake mountain whitefish, largescale sucker (Catostomus macrocheilus), longnose sucker (Catostomus catostomus), northern pikeminnow (Ptychocheilus oregonensis), peamouth chub (Mylocheilus caurinus,), redside shiner (Richardsonius balteatus), fathead minnow (Pimephales promelas), and mottled sculpin (Cottus bondi) slimy sculpin (Cottus cognatus), … Whitefish are prime tasting freshwater fish from the same family as Salmon, widely harvested commercially in the Great Lakes and popularly targeted by … As indicators of habitat quality, lake whitefish fulfill an important ecological role and should be protected. Since Great Lakes whitefish compared favorably with these top selling fish species, it can compete with their qualities in the market place and consumers should give our local Great Lakes whitefish a … You can find it throughout Canada and Alaska into the northern United States. Its dorsal fin sits midway down its broad body, giving it something of a hunchback appearance. Overall coloration is silvery to satiny white with olive to pale greenish brown on the back. The body is somewhat laterally compressed. Fried, baked, broiled, smoked, or canned, it is simply delicious. The fins are generally black or black tipped. But in the last decade, state biologists say fishers are harvesting about a third of what they used to get. Whitefish is one of the top walleye fisheries for Swan Valley residents. The catch dropped to 1.7 million pounds last year, down from five million pounds in the early 2000s. Populations migrate seasonally between deeper and shallower regions. Targetable fish species present are walleye, northern pike, yellow perch, lake whitefish, lake cisco (tullibee) and burbot. The Lake Whitefish is a North American species of fish in the Salmonidae family. Bear Lake whitefish is one of four fish species naturally found only in Bear Lake, which straddles the Utah-Idaho border. Lake whitefish are easily distinguished from fallfish (chub) by having a small mouth and the presence of a small adipose fin located on the back between the dorsal and caudal fins. Adult Size: Whitefish are normally 14-20 inches long and weigh 1-3 pounds, but can reach lengths of 25 inches and over 6 pounds. Fish make up more than half of the known vertebrate species in the world. A number of lakes contain populations of "dwarf" size fish where mature adult whitefish attain lengths of only 6-8 inches. The tail is deeply forked and they have an adipose fin. French explorer Antoine Denis Raudot wrote in 1710: “The fish that [The Chippewa] fish for there are the trout, the sturgeon, and the whitefish. Their diets typically contain fish, mysid shrimp, mollusks, crustaceans, and more. Once common in all of the Great Lakes, you can now only readily find this fish in Lake Superior. Lake whitefish declines have coincided with the introduction of rainbow smelt, and research in Maine and elsewhere has identified smelt as the primary cause to reproductive failure and eventual loss of whitefish populations. Read on to learn about the Lake Whitefish. Most use on Whitefish Lake consists of pleasure boating, sailing and waterskiing. As the bulk of their food resides on or near the lake bottom during winter, most whitefish are caught in the lowest two to three feet of the water column. Until recently, few sport anglers had discovered the special techniques required to catch lake whitefish, but this situation is changing, and any angler who has learned to fish whitefish successfully will find it well worth the effort. Read on to learn about the Lake Whitefish. Lake Whitefish (Coregonus Clupeaformis) is a species of freshwater fish from the Salmon family found in North America, particularly in cold lakes throughout Canada and northern United States, including all of the Great Lakes. In one example, we found an 11-inch long whitefish that we estimated to be 43-45 years old. We … In fact, when you purchase “Whitefish” in grocery stores, this is typically the species you buy. Aquatic life Fish species. It is believed that the emergence of dwarf whitefish represents a fascinating example of the formation of a new species, which can take advantage of an ecological niche within certain waters that normal lake whitefish do not occupy. Game Qualities Average. It is native to seven watersheds. Atlantic whitefish, Coregonus huntsmani in the genus Coregonus This fish species has a number of interesting traits and adaptations. Despite the fact that freshwater rivers and lakes represent only about 1 percent of the world's water, more than 41 percent of all fish species are found there. It is approximately 138 feet deep at its deepest point. The small mouth also explains why lake whitefish are rarely caught by anglers who are not specifically targeting the species. Some aquariums house schools of this species. 284 State Street A current research project within MDIFW is attempting to better understand the exact mechanisms that are driving the whitefish-smelt interaction, and find ways to mitigate the problems and inform whitefish recovery efforts. As they grow larger, some whitefish feed on small smelts and other fish. The Lake Whitefish is a North American species of fish in the Salmonidae family. Humans have not domesticated this fish in any way. Appendix A: Fish New Hampshire Wildlife Action Plan Appendix A Fish-65 Lake Whitefish Coregonus clupeaformis Federal Listing State SC Listing Global Rank State Rank S3 Regional Status High Photo by Submitted by angler Justification (Reason for Concern in NH) The lake whitefish is considered vulnerable in New Hampshire, and is believed to be limited to 6 water bodies in the state. Probably the most challenging and uncommon way to catch whitefish is using small dry flies on the water surface during the short springtime period when whitefish are surface feeding. Aquariums often keep this fish with other similar species. Vertical jigging during the open water fishing season can be an effective way to catch whitefish too, but results can vary and few anglers pursue whitefish this way. Lake whitefish are a benthic coolwater fish that feed primarily on Diporeia, some small fish, and fish eggs. Fishing Tips: Whitefish are most effectively caught by fishing through the ice using small baited jigs. Physical and biological characteristics of whitefish can vary widely from lake to lake – so much so, that reproductively isolated ‘dwarf’ forms of whitefish have emerged in several waters in northern Maine. For this … The lake whitefish is a member of the salmon family, as can be noted by the presence of the adipose fin and pelvic axillary process. and weights up to 15 lbs. View our Whitefish Lake fishing map for more info. With a carnivorous diet, this fish feeds primarily on small invertebrates. Lines connecting DUs reflect different stages of the decision process. Species Profile: Lake Whitefish, Coregonus clupeaformis. Discover what species are most popular in Whitefish Lake, and what gear has been used. Whitefish Lake is 712 hectares with a maximum depth of 18.9 meters and a mean depth of 8.1 meters. Lake Whitefish – Another Great Lake species, this fish is important to commercial fishermen. Fishing at Whitefish Lake? Whitefish are a family of fish including cod, haddock, and pollock, to name a few species. Most of the population lives in freshwater habitats, but some also occupy brackish water as well. Fishing includes, Lake Trout and occasionally Whitefish and Northern Pike. Bear Lake whitefish are almost indistinguishable from young Bonneville whitefish (which get much larger than Bear Lake whitefish), and scale counts are the best way to distinguish the two. Recent age analysis using sagittal otoliths (an inner ear bone) has shown whitefish in many populations living for 20-30 years. One of the most versatile fishes, Lake Whitefish are unequalled in the culinary department. Its range includes all of the Great Lakes. During spawning, the females swim to the surface of the water and release their eggs. 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