Integrated management of switchgrass smut to prevent spread and biomass losses in NY state Project Leader: Gary C. Bergstrom (gcb3@cornell.edu) Co‐Leader: Christine N. Layton (cnl24@cornell.edu) February 5, 2013 Switchgrass smut (Tilletia maclaganii) is a seed and soilborne fungus that replaces the ovaries in affected switchgrass Great cover in the Summer that is gone in the late Fall and Winter, is not great cover. Do not graze it below 8 inches. Switchgrass (Panicum virgatum) is a vigorous warm season, native perennial grass adapted to Wisconsin and planted for many purposes including livestock grazing, wildlife cover, and as a biofuel crop.Switchgrass begins growth in late spring and continues through the summer if moisture is available. Its slick, free-flowing seed can be planted with most seed drills or with a broadcast spreader. Whether you rent, own or buy a quality no till drill like our Genesis 3 model, or prefer to frost seed into exposed soil within a previous food plot, ag field or opening that has been chemically controlled to eliminate weed growth, you can easily establish switchgrass cover this coming Summer! Switchgrass, a native perennial, warm-season, sod-forming grass reproduces from underground stems as well as from seeds. Even the switchgrass that has only grown for 4 months is now being used for rabbit cover, in areas that did not previously have any rabbit cover whatsoever. Generally, 60 pounds of nitrogen and 30 pounds phosphorus and potassium per … I can personally guarantee that our seed is the highest quality on the market. 1. However, what you should look for is the thickest and tallest switchgrass for your area and in the majority of the North 1/2 of the country, that variety is Cave In Rock. Native grasses are slow establishing and weed control is vital during stand development. He took advantage of his guarantee offer to send his products to rich clientele across Europe unsolicited. Switchgrass (SG) was widespread in open areas before settlers populated an area and remained in one place year after year. Switchgrass is one of the easiest forms of wildlife cover to plant and if planted correctly, switchgrass can be fully established after only 2 Summers of growth! *You don't need solid plantings of switchgrass to get the job done! I feel corn will give bedding and food whereas SG might give just cover. This area will be used as a sanctuary, free from any human pressure. The perfect timing for the gly and 2-4D mix is when weed growth is approximately 8-12" high and during a Spring warm-up, so that the weeds are in an aggressive growth phase and can be killed at a very high rate of effectiveness. WHS is growing, and we can't wait to show … There is a variety of switchgrass seed that you can buy and when you add in the proprietary mixes by several of the various seed companies, your search can at first seem confusing. With an additional application of Simazine prior to spring green-up in late March, prior to the full growing season, I can insure that this portion of my switchgrass is not only incredibly thick and pure, but that it approaches 7' high by the end of only it's 2nd full Summer of growth. Its native range ... Cave-in-Rock, Dacotah, Forestburg, Kanlow, Nebraska 28, Pathfinder, Shawnee, Shelter and Summer. On our 250 acre Iowa farm, we have 100 acres in CRP. You are only paying for viable seed. Please create account through ##customer_email## email, Driveline & Automotive Gear Case Lubricants. You can view your wishlist by creating or login account. A client parcel visit last Winter in SE MN really hammered home the point again, that if your field of wildlife grass is laying flat in January, it is providing absolutely for the local wildlife population. I have the opportunity to plant it versus corn under a power line easement. 3. of which vary according to latitude. The 18th century entrepreneur Josiah Wedgwood pioneered many of the marketing strategies used today, including the satisfaction-or-money-back guarantee on the entire range of his pottery products. Trying giving the wildlife on your land the level of diversity that it requires to create sustainable wildlife populations all year long, by using switchgrass as the base form of year-round cover, on your land. All Rights Reserved. They were replaced by cool-s… By planting a pure, single variety switchgrass seed, you can be assured of a solid, tall stand of switchgrass that is the best fit for the habitat and wildlife in your area. Learning how to plant switchgrass by either frost seeding or using a no till drill, will offer you 2 sure-fire ways to establish a deer and small game habitat magnet. Mature buck hunting, herd and habitat techniques. A money-back guarantee, also known as a satisfaction guarantee, is essentially a simple guarantee that, if a buyer is not satisfied with a product or service, a refund will be made. The money-back guarantee was also a major tool of early U.S. mail order sales pioneers in the United States such as Richard Sears and Powel Crosley Jr. to win the confidence of consumers. In fact when chemicals are sufficiently used to eliminate weed competition, don't be surprised if your switchgrass planting is approaching 4-5' high and offering significant cover opportunities for all forms of wildlife, by the end of the first Summer. In Michigan, my best stands have been created using the switchgrass variety of Cave in Rock (CIR). No plowing, discing or tilling needs to take place and in fact, it is actually preferred when using our Genesis 3 model, that the dead thatch and debris is still in place. Pure switchgrass is one of the greatest assets to a wildlife and whitetail habitat enthusiasts. Seeding rates should be 3-5# per acre. There really are no good reasons. The following year your switchgrass will emerge during Spring green-up, so only the spraying of Simazine prior to green-up, can be used. When either method is used, I recommend using up to 4 quarts per acre of Simazine at least 2 weeks prior to spring green-up. If weeds are still present in late April and early May, then a mix of 2 quarts per acre of Glyphosate and 1 pint per acre of 2-4D, should take care of nearly all remaining weed growth. Simazine is a pre-emergent herbicide and should kill a strong % of the weeds within your openings. Their livestock were free roaming and would graze the new switchgrass growth in the spring before the new plants were tall enough to withstand defoliation. Cave In Rock is a taller variety of switchgrass that can grow up to 6′ tall, making it a useful component in waterways, native grass restoration programs, producing native praires like the ones which once dominated central and eastern United States. *Want to transform an old field into deer and wildlife cover as fast as possible? 3) Make sure to sign up to be on our email list, so that you do not miss out on several MAJOR announcements coming during the next couple of months. Whether you use a no till drill or have prepared your ground sufficiently for frost seeding activities, those two methods offer you outstanding opportunities to plant switchgrass that can be fully grown by the end of the 2nd Summer. I would like to increase the holding power of the farm for deer. Cave In Rock is also very popular variety when used in wildlife plots as a food source, blind and nesting area for wildlife. What is the #1 form of cover that you can plant to quickly create sustainable wildlife populations including rabbits, pheasants and deer? It can also be planted through most seed drills. Can you imagine a wildlife population that could somehow be built during the Summer months because of that cover, only to be left without any of that cover during the time of the year when they need it the most? Are the wildlife populations on your land, still protected during the middle of the Winter? Easy to grow and fast to establish, switchgrass can be used to either hide wildlife within the grass itself, or to effectively screen daytime browse sources and early successional growth within pockets of hidden habitat diversity. Switchgrass can be established on a variety of soils including the dreaded sandy soil. If cutting for hay cut the 1st crop early while it is still leafy and before it heads out. That's why on many CRP fields and pheasant plantings, pheasant are re-introduced nearly every season because the cover that has been planted is not sufficient to create a sustainable pheasant population. If the switchgrass seems lighter green than it should in the late Summer, you can add 40#s of nitrogen per acre, but other than that, switchgrass is very soil and fertility tolerant. If the wildlife populations are not protected due to a lack of Winter cover, what happens to them. Cave-In Rock Switchgrass is a long-living, perennial warm-season grass that makes very good bedding and cover for wildlife. If you still have a few weeds showing prior to your switchgrass emerging, a 2nd spraying of glyphosate can be appropriate during the 2nd or 3rd week of May. Cave-n-Rock switchgrass is a perennial, warm season native grass that grows an average of 3-5 feet tall, but in some regions, can reach up to 6 feet tall at maturity. Why add grass and food to cover, that falls within and leaves holes within that cover? It may be mixed with other native grasses, forbs, or legumes for wildlife and restoration seedings. Because of this, switchgrass varieties/ecotypes should be moved no more than one hardiness zone from their origin. ADD TO PLANNER This species is included in the following Ernst Seed Mixes. $334 for a 25 pound bag. Choosing a Variety and Planting Spot Pick a switchgrass variety. Since alot of people plant their foodplots and other crops in the spring, they automatically assume that is the time to plant switchgrass as well. It is highly adaptable to a wide range of soils and growing conditions. I am thinking of adding 5 acres of Cave In Rock switchgrass to a brome field on the far edge of the farm. Switchgrass is well adapted to low lying areas and is very drought tolerant and can grow in a wide range of conditions. Biodiverse Polyculture Mix for Biomass Production & Wildlife Habitat Seasonally Flooded Wildlife Food Mix Native Upland Wildlife Forage & Cover Meadow Mix. There have been times that my switch was only 2" high during the last 10 days of June, but then approached 4' by late September. While adding more grass varieties to the mix does not truly equal diversity, using switch to screen and hide early successional growth pockets within your switchgrass plantings, does. Switchgrass can be planted a variety of ways. Frost seed on exposed soil (could be covered by snow, but not weed debris) by broadcasting at a rate of 5-6#s per acre in February or March, when 1 inch of snow or less is on the fields. You need to be patient, because your switchgrass will not germinate until the soil temperature is in the mid to upper 50s, which is right at the same time as corn, or slightly after. *Using our UTV model Genesis 3 from RTP Outdoors, I was able to transform this open point of low-value weed growth (upper pic-April), into wall of switchgrass screening (lower pic-February), in only 4 months of growth! Cave in Rock Switchgrass in a 25 pound bag of pure live seed. 2) Consider planting a food plot in the same location this Fall, if it fits within the alignment of your food plots. Switch grass is very adaptable and easy to grow - Plant the plugs, give them a little water, and they'll grow rapidly to full size clumps. It's a good time to think long and hard about your own CRP fields, pheasant plantings or deer cover creations and ask yourself two questions: Switchgrass can be the easy answer that you have been searching for, to provide year-round cover to a variety of wildlife species. If you look for switchgrass at your … By taking bare soil into the Winter months, you are all set to broadcast 5-10#s (5-6 for bedding, 8-10#s for screening), onto the frozen ground in January or February. Cave In Rock is a taller variety of switchgrass that can grow up to 6′ tall, making it a useful component in waterways, native grass restoration programs, producing native praires like the ones which once dominated central and eastern United States. However, switchgrass, is not like any other grass! *It is critical to keep in mind that the cause of nearly all switchgrass failures, is weed competition. When grazing or cutting, do not graze Cave In Rock Switchgrass under 8 inch heighth and do not cut/graze until it is at least 16 inches tall. Instead, it's as easy as finding out the variety that works best For Your Area (most likely Cave In Rock), and then RWWP Switchgrass will grow taller and stand better than your general Cave-In-Rock varieties. Switchgrass will germinate at soil temperatures of 50°F, although seedling growth is best when air temperatures reach 75°F to 85°F. ... What you plant, is the same thing we plant. 5 pound bag $69.85. On properly prepared ground it can be frost seeded during the late-winter / early spring using a broadcast seeder. Using switchgrass for Deer Bedding Cover correctly, can be the fastest and most effective form of bedding cover that you can plant! 2. Cave In Rock Switchgrass 50 Pound Bag $ 597.00; Cave In Rock Switchgrass 25 Pound Bag $ 334.00; Cave in Rock Switch Grass 5 pound bag. 60 pounds of pure live seed to much of the Winter fast as possible switchgrass..., still protected during the late-winter / early spring using a broadcast seeder to it. Using switchgrass for deer bedding cover correctly, can be frost seeded during the late Fall and Winter, not... That you practice an effective herbicide strategy for establishing switchgrass grass reproduces from underground stems as as... 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